The EEF was founded in 1981 on the initiative of MEPs who wanted their decisions to be based on adequate technological, economic and geopolitical considerations and to avoid ideological prejudices. The founders intended that, when presented with a proposal, MEPs should have access to information on the subject, provided by organisations with expertise.

The association evolved and in 1995, the EEF reorganised itself into what it is now, given the need expressed by MEPs, Industry and the European Commission to discuss and debate issues relating to energy and, increasingly, climate. In 2015, the EEF proudly celebrated 20 years of energy debates giving MEPs the opportunity to discuss openly energy issues with other players in the sector.

As a dynamic organisation, the EEF evolved during all these years, diversifying its activities and members and adapting itself to the continually evolving world of energy.